Iowa County, created in 1829 as a territorial county, is named after the Iowa Indians whose hunting grounds dominated the area. Iowa County is located in Southwest Wisconsin. The county has a total area of 768 square miles, of which 763 square miles is land and 5 square miles (0.70%) is water.
|Land Area:||762.7 sq. miles|
|Elevation:||1,222 ft. at Dodgeville 1,719 ft. at Blue Mound|
|Rivers:||Blue, Pecatonica, Wisconsin, Yellowstone|
|Major Watershed:||Rock River (East), Wisconsin River (North), Mississippi River (West)|
|Geographical Province:||Western Upland|
|Natural Vegitation:||Mostly oak savanna, with a belt of prairie bluestem and composites across the center, and into the southeast and south-central areas of the county.|